L10 Elbow symptom/complaint (ICD-10:M77.1)

January 25, 2024

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Elbow symptoms or complaints can be indicative of various conditions affecting the elbow joint, including injuries, inflammation, or underlying medical conditions. This guide aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the diagnostic steps, possible interventions, and lifestyle modifications that can help manage elbow symptoms effectively.


– ICPC-2 Code: L10 Elbow symptom/complaint
– ICD-10 Code: M77.1 Lateral epicondylitis


  • Pain in the elbow joint
  • Swelling or inflammation around the elbow
  • Stiffness or limited range of motion
  • Weakness or difficulty in gripping or lifting objects
  • Numbness or tingling sensation in the arm or hand


  • Overuse or repetitive strain injuries
  • Trauma or direct impact to the elbow
  • Arthritis or joint inflammation
  • Tendinitis or inflammation of the tendons
  • Bursitis or inflammation of the bursae
  • Nerve compression or entrapment

Diagnostic Steps

Medical History

  • Gather information about the onset, duration, and progression of symptoms
  • Identify any previous injuries or trauma to the elbow
  • Assess for any underlying medical conditions or risk factors
  • Inquire about occupational or recreational activities that may contribute to the symptoms

Physical Examination

  • Observe the elbow for any visible signs of swelling, redness, or deformity
  • Palpate the joint to assess for tenderness or localized pain
  • Evaluate the range of motion and strength of the elbow joint
  • Perform specific tests to assess for nerve compression or instability

Laboratory Tests

  • Complete blood count (CBC) to rule out infection or systemic inflammation
  • Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) or C-reactive protein (CRP) to assess for inflammation
  • Rheumatoid factor or anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies for autoimmune conditions
  • Uric acid levels to evaluate for gout

Diagnostic Imaging

  • X-ray of the elbow to assess for fractures, dislocations, or degenerative changes
  • Ultrasound to evaluate soft tissue structures, such as tendons or bursae
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to visualize detailed images of the elbow joint and surrounding structures
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan to assess for complex fractures or bone abnormalities

Other Tests

  • Electromyography (EMG) or nerve conduction studies (NCS) to evaluate nerve function and identify compression sites
  • Arthroscopy to directly visualize the inside of the joint and diagnose certain conditions
  • Joint aspiration to analyze synovial fluid for infection or crystal deposition

Follow-up and Patient Education

  • Schedule follow-up appointments to monitor the progress of symptoms and response to treatment
  • Provide education on proper ergonomics and techniques to prevent further injury or aggravation of symptoms
  • Discuss the importance of rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) for acute injuries
  • Encourage the use of braces, splints, or supports to stabilize the joint during activities
  • Emphasize the need for adherence to prescribed medications and rehabilitation exercises

Possible Interventions

Traditional Interventions


Top 5 drugs for Elbow symptoms/complaint:

  1. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (e.g., Ibuprofen, Naproxen):
    • Cost: Generic versions can be $3-$20/month.
    • Contraindications: History of gastrointestinal bleeding, renal impairment, or allergy to NSAIDs.
    • Side effects: Upset stomach, heartburn, dizziness.
    • Severe side effects: Gastrointestinal bleeding, kidney damage, allergic reactions.
    • Drug interactions: Anticoagulants, corticosteroids, other NSAIDs.
    • Warning: Prolonged use may increase the risk of cardiovascular events.
  2. Corticosteroids (e.g., Prednisone, Methylprednisolone):
    • Cost: Generic versions can be $4-$30/month.
    • Contraindications: Active infections, uncontrolled diabetes, or systemic fungal infections.
    • Side effects: Increased appetite, weight gain, mood changes.
    • Severe side effects: Osteoporosis, adrenal suppression, increased susceptibility to infections.
    • Drug interactions: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), anticoagulants.
    • Warning: Long-term use may lead to dependency and withdrawal symptoms.
  3. Muscle relaxants (e.g., Cyclobenzaprine, Methocarbamol):
    • Cost: Generic versions can be $4-$30/month.
    • Contraindications: Glaucoma, urinary retention, or allergy to muscle relaxants.
    • Side effects: Drowsiness, dizziness, dry mouth.
    • Severe side effects: Severe allergic reactions, liver toxicity.
    • Drug interactions: Sedatives, alcohol, opioids.
    • Warning: Avoid driving or operating heavy machinery while taking muscle relaxants.
  4. Topical analgesics (e.g., Lidocaine patches, Capsaicin cream):
    • Cost: Lidocaine patches can cost $10-$50 per patch. Capsaicin cream can cost $10-$30 per tube.
    • Contraindications: Allergy to local anesthetics or capsaicin.
    • Side effects: Skin irritation, burning sensation.
    • Severe side effects: Allergic reactions, severe skin irritation.
    • Drug interactions: None reported.
    • Warning: Avoid applying topical analgesics to broken or irritated skin.
  5. Antidepressants (e.g., Amitriptyline, Duloxetine):
    • Cost: Generic versions can be $4-$30/month.
    • Contraindications: Recent myocardial infarction, uncontrolled narrow-angle glaucoma.
    • Side effects: Sedation, dry mouth, constipation.
    • Severe side effects: Suicidal thoughts, serotonin syndrome.
    • Drug interactions: Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), other serotonergic drugs.
    • Warning: May take several weeks to achieve therapeutic effects.

Alternative Drugs:

  • Acetaminophen: Over-the-counter pain reliever that can be used as an alternative to NSAIDs.
  • Capsaicin patches: Topical patches that can provide localized pain relief.
  • Gabapentin: Anticonvulsant medication that can help manage neuropathic pain.
  • Tramadol: Opioid-like medication that can be used for moderate to severe pain.
  • Steroid injections: Intra-articular injections of corticosteroids for localized pain relief.

Surgical Procedures:

  • Arthroscopy: Minimally invasive procedure to diagnose and treat certain elbow conditions. Cost: $5,000 to $15,000.
  • Elbow joint replacement: Surgical procedure to replace the damaged elbow joint with an artificial joint. Cost: $15,000 to $50,000.

Alternative Interventions

  • Physical therapy: Exercises and manual techniques to improve range of motion, strength, and flexibility. Cost: $50-$150 per session.
  • Acupuncture: May help reduce pain and improve blood flow. Cost: $60-$120 per session.
  • Chiropractic care: Manipulative techniques to improve joint function and alleviate pain. Cost: $50-$200 per session.
  • Massage therapy: Manual manipulation of soft tissues to reduce muscle tension and promote relaxation. Cost: $50-$100 per session.
  • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS): Electrical stimulation to alleviate pain. Cost: $50-$100 for a TENS unit.

Lifestyle Interventions

  • Rest and avoid activities that exacerbate symptoms.
  • Apply ice or cold packs to reduce inflammation and pain.
  • Use compression sleeves or braces to provide support to the elbow joint.
  • Elevate the arm to reduce swelling.
  • Modify ergonomics and technique during activities to reduce strain on the elbow joint.

It is important to note that the cost ranges provided are approximate and may vary depending on the location and availability of the interventions.

Mirari Cold Plasma Alternative Intervention

Understanding Mirari Cold Plasma

  • Safe and Non-Invasive Treatment: Mirari Cold Plasma is a safe and non-invasive treatment option for various skin conditions. It does not require incisions, minimizing the risk of scarring, bleeding, or tissue damage.
  • Efficient Extraction of Foreign Bodies: Mirari Cold Plasma facilitates the removal of foreign bodies from the skin by degrading and dissociating organic matter, allowing easier access and extraction.
  • Pain Reduction and Comfort: Mirari Cold Plasma has a local analgesic effect, providing pain relief during the treatment, making it more comfortable for the patient.
  • Reduced Risk of Infection: Mirari Cold Plasma has antimicrobial properties, effectively killing bacteria and reducing the risk of infection.
  • Accelerated Healing and Minimal Scarring: Mirari Cold Plasma stimulates wound healing and tissue regeneration, reducing healing time and minimizing the formation of scars.

Mirari Cold Plasma Prescription

Mode setting: 2 (Wound Healing)
Location: 0 (Localized)
Morning: 15 minutes,
Evening: 15 minutes
Mode setting: 2 (Wound Healing)
Location: 0 (Localized)
Morning: 30 minutes,
Lunch: 30 minutes,
Evening: 30 minutes
Mode setting: 2 (Wound Healing)
Location: 0 (Localized)
Morning: 30 minutes,
Lunch: 30 minutes,
Evening: 30 minutes
Mode setting: 9 (Arthritis)
Location: 0 (Localized)
Morning: 15 minutes,
Evening: 15 minutes
Mode setting: 9 (Arthritis)
Location: 0 (Localized)
Morning: 30 minutes,
Lunch: 30 minutes,
Evening: 30 minutes
Mode setting: 9 (Arthritis)
Location: 0 (Localized)
Morning: 30 minutes,
Lunch: 30 minutes,
Evening: 30 minutes
Mode setting: 7 (Immunotherapy)
Location: 1 (Sacrum)
Morning: 15 minutes,
Evening: 15 minutes
Mode setting: 7 (Immunotherapy)
Location: 1 (Sacrum)
Morning: 30 minutes,
Lunch: 30 minutes,
Evening: 30 minutes
Mode setting: 7 (Immunotherapy)
Location: 1 (Sacrum)
Morning: 30 minutes,
Lunch: 30 minutes,
Evening: 30 minutes
Morning: 45 minutes approx. $7.50 USD,
Evening: 45 minutes approx. $7.50 USD
Morning: 90 minutes approx. $15 USD,
Lunch: 90 minutes approx. $15 USD,
Evening: 90 minutes approx. $15 USD,
Morning: 90 minutes approx. $15 USD,
Lunch: 90 minutes approx. $15 USD,
Evening: 90 minutes approx. $15 USD,
Usual treatment for 7-60 days approx. $105 USD  $900 USDUsual treatment for 6-8 weeks approx. $1,890 USD – $2,520 USD
Usual treatment for 3-6 months approx. $4,050 USD – $8,100 USD
Location note miraridoctor 1
  • Localized (0)
  • Sacrum (1)
  • Prostate & Uterus (2)
  • Kidney, Liver & Spleen (3)
  • Heart, Bile & Pancreas (4)
  • Lungs (5)
  • Throat, Lymphatic & Thyroid (6)
  • Neuro system & ENT (7)

Use the Mirari Cold Plasma device to treat Elbow symptom/complaint effectively.


Step 1: Cleanse the Skin

  • Start by cleaning the affected area of the skin with a gentle cleanser or mild soap and water. Gently pat the area dry with a clean towel.

Step 2: Prepare the Mirari Cold Plasma device

  • Ensure that the Mirari Cold Plasma device is fully charged or has fresh batteries as per the manufacturer’s instructions. Make sure the device is clean and in good working condition.
  • Switch on the Mirari device using the power button or by following the specific instructions provided with the device.
  • Some Mirari devices may have adjustable settings for intensity or treatment duration. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to select the appropriate settings based on your needs and the recommended guidelines.

Step 3: Apply the Device

  • Place the Mirari device in direct contact with the affected area of the skin. Gently glide or hold the device over the skin surface, ensuring even coverage of the area experiencing.
  • Slowly move the Mirari device in a circular motion or follow a specific pattern as indicated in the user manual. This helps ensure thorough treatment coverage.

Step 4: Monitor and Assess:

  • Keep track of your progress and evaluate the effectiveness of the Mirari device in managing your Elbow symptom/complaint. If you have any concerns or notice any adverse reactions, consult with your health care professional.


This guide is for informational purposes only and should not replace the advice of a medical professional. Always consult with your healthcare provider or a qualified medical professional for personal advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Do not solely rely on the information presented here for decisions about your health. Use of this information is at your own risk. The authors of this guide, nor any associated entities or platforms, are not responsible for any potential adverse effects or outcomes based on the content.

Mirari Cold Plasma System Disclaimer

  • Purpose: The Mirari Cold Plasma System is a Class 2 medical device designed for use by trained healthcare professionals. It is registered for use in Thailand and Vietnam. It is not intended for use outside of these locations.
  • Informational Use: The content and information provided with the device are for educational and informational purposes only. They are not a substitute for professional medical advice or care.
  • Variable Outcomes: While the device is approved for specific uses, individual outcomes can differ. We do not assert or guarantee specific medical outcomes.
  • Consultation: Prior to utilizing the device or making decisions based on its content, it is essential to consult with a Certified Mirari Tele-Therapist and your medical healthcare provider regarding specific protocols.
  • Liability: By using this device, users are acknowledging and accepting all potential risks. Neither the manufacturer nor the distributor will be held accountable for any adverse reactions, injuries, or damages stemming from its use.
  • Geographical Availability: This device has received approval for designated purposes by the Thai and Vietnam FDA. As of now, outside of Thailand and Vietnam, the Mirari Cold Plasma System is not available for purchase or use.
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