S27 Fear of skin disease other (ICD-10:Z71.1)

March 1, 2024

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Introduction

Fear of skin disease other (ICPC-2: S27) is a psychological condition characterized by an excessive and irrational fear or anxiety related to the possibility of developing a skin disease. This fear can significantly impact a person’s daily life and mental well-being. The aim of this guide is to provide healthcare professionals with a comprehensive approach to diagnosing and managing patients with fear of skin disease other.

Codes

– ICPC-2 Code: S27 Fear of skin disease other
– ICD-10 Code: Z71.1 Person with feared complaint in whom no diagnosis is made

Symptoms

  • Excessive worry or fear about developing a skin disease
  • Avoidance of situations or activities that may increase the risk of skin disease
  • Preoccupation with skin health and hygiene
  • Hyperawareness of any changes or abnormalities in the skin
  • Physical symptoms of anxiety, such as increased heart rate, sweating, or trembling

Causes

The exact cause of fear of skin disease other is unknown. However, several factors may contribute to the development of this condition, including:

  • Previous traumatic experience related to skin disease
  • Family history of skin disease or anxiety disorders
  • Media influence and exposure to images or stories about skin diseases
  • Perceived vulnerability to skin diseases based on personal characteristics or lifestyle choices

Diagnostic Steps

Medical History

  • Conduct a detailed medical history to gather information about the patient’s past experiences with skin diseases, including any traumatic events or significant emotional reactions.
  • Inquire about any family history of skin diseases or anxiety disorders.
  • Assess the patient’s perception of their vulnerability to skin diseases and any specific concerns or fears they may have.

Physical Examination

  • Perform a thorough physical examination, focusing on the skin. Look for any signs of existing skin diseases or abnormalities.
  • Evaluate the patient’s hygiene practices and skin care routine.
  • Assess the patient’s overall appearance and behavior for signs of anxiety or distress.

Determine Severity

  • Classify the fear of skin disease other based on severity and depth of the patient’s anxiety. This can help guide treatment decisions and interventions.
  • Mild: Patient experiences occasional worry or fear related to skin diseases but is able to function relatively normally.
  • Moderate: Patient’s fear and anxiety about skin diseases significantly impact their daily life and may lead to avoidance behaviors.
  • Severe: Patient’s fear and anxiety about skin diseases are debilitating, causing significant distress and impairment in functioning.

Laboratory Tests

  • No specific laboratory tests are necessary for the diagnosis of fear of skin disease other. However, if the patient presents with physical symptoms or signs of anxiety, it may be appropriate to perform routine blood tests to rule out any underlying medical conditions.

Diagnostic Imaging

  • No diagnostic imaging is necessary for the diagnosis of fear of skin disease other.

Other Tests

  • No other diagnostic tests are necessary for the diagnosis of fear of skin disease other.

Follow-up and Patient Education

  • Schedule regular follow-up appointments to monitor the patient’s progress and provide ongoing support.
  • Provide patient education materials or resources on anxiety management techniques, stress reduction, and healthy skin care practices.
  • Offer referrals to mental health professionals, such as psychologists or psychiatrists, for further evaluation and treatment if necessary.

Possible Interventions

Traditional Interventions

Medications:

Top 5 drugs for fear of skin disease other:

  1. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) (e.g., Sertraline, Fluoxetine):
    • Cost: Generic versions can be $10-$50/month.
    • Contraindications: Hypersensitivity to SSRIs, concurrent use of monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs).
    • Side effects: Nausea, headache, insomnia.
    • Severe side effects: Serotonin syndrome, suicidal thoughts.
    • Drug interactions: MAOIs, other serotonergic drugs.
    • Warning: May take several weeks to achieve full therapeutic effect.
  2. Benzodiazepines (e.g., Alprazolam, Lorazepam):
    • Cost: Generic versions can be $10-$30/month.
    • Contraindications: Acute narrow-angle glaucoma, severe respiratory insufficiency.
    • Side effects: Sedation, dizziness, confusion.
    • Severe side effects: Respiratory depression, dependence.
    • Drug interactions: Alcohol, opioids.
    • Warning: Risk of tolerance and dependence with long-term use.
  3. Beta-blockers (e.g., Propranolol, Atenolol):
    • Cost: Generic versions can be $10-$30/month.
    • Contraindications: Severe bradycardia, heart block.
    • Side effects: Fatigue, dizziness, bradycardia.
    • Severe side effects: Bronchospasm, heart failure.
    • Drug interactions: Calcium channel blockers, insulin.
    • Warning: Should not be abruptly stopped.
  4. Antidepressants (e.g., Amitriptyline, Nortriptyline):
    • Cost: Generic versions can be $10-$50/month.
    • Contraindications: Recent myocardial infarction, concurrent use of MAOIs.
    • Side effects: Dry mouth, constipation, sedation.
    • Severe side effects: Cardiac arrhythmias, serotonin syndrome.
    • Drug interactions: MAOIs, other serotonergic drugs.
    • Warning: May take several weeks to achieve full therapeutic effect.
  5. Antipsychotics (e.g., Quetiapine, Risperidone):
    • Cost: Generic versions can be $10-$50/month.
    • Contraindications: Hypersensitivity to antipsychotics, dementia-related psychosis.
    • Side effects: Sedation, weight gain, extrapyramidal symptoms.
    • Severe side effects: Neuroleptic malignant syndrome, tardive dyskinesia.
    • Drug interactions: Other antipsychotics, anticholinergic drugs.
    • Warning: Increased risk of mortality in elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis.

Alternative Drugs:

  • Buspirone: An anxiolytic medication that does not cause sedation or dependence.
  • Hydroxyzine: An antihistamine with anxiolytic properties.
  • Pregabalin: An anticonvulsant medication used for anxiety disorders.
  • Gabapentin: Another anticonvulsant medication with anxiolytic effects.
  • Mirtazapine: An atypical antidepressant with anxiolytic properties.

Surgical Procedures:

  • No surgical procedures are indicated for the treatment of fear of skin disease other.

Alternative Interventions

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT): A form of psychotherapy that helps patients identify and change negative thought patterns and behaviors associated with their fear of skin disease. Cost: $100-$200 per session.
  • Exposure therapy: A specific type of CBT that involves gradually exposing the patient to their feared situations or objects related to skin diseases, helping them develop coping strategies and reduce anxiety. Cost: $100-$200 per session.
  • Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR): A technique that combines mindfulness meditation, body awareness, and yoga to help patients manage stress and anxiety. Cost: $100-$200 per session.
  • Support groups: Joining a support group with individuals who have similar fears or anxieties about skin diseases can provide a sense of community and understanding. Cost: Varies depending on the organization or location.
  • Relaxation techniques: Teaching patients relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing exercises, progressive muscle relaxation, or guided imagery, can help reduce anxiety and promote a sense of calm. Cost: Free or minimal cost.

Lifestyle Interventions

  • Regular exercise: Engaging in regular physical activity can help reduce anxiety and improve overall mental well-being. Cost: Varies depending on the chosen activity (e.g., gym membership, fitness classes).
  • Healthy diet: Encouraging a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can support overall health and well-being. Cost: Varies depending on individual food choices and dietary preferences.
  • Stress management techniques: Teaching patients stress management techniques, such as time management, prioritization, and relaxation exercises, can help reduce anxiety related to skin diseases. Cost: Free or minimal cost.
  • Adequate sleep: Promoting healthy sleep habits and ensuring patients get enough restful sleep can improve their overall mental and physical well-being. Cost: Free or minimal cost.
  • Skin care education: Providing patients with accurate and evidence-based information about skin care practices can help alleviate their fears and promote healthy skin. Cost: Free or minimal cost.

It is important to note that the cost ranges provided are approximate and may vary depending on the location and availability of the interventions.

Mirari Cold Plasma Alternative Intervention

Understanding Mirari Cold Plasma

  • Safe and Non-Invasive Treatment: Mirari Cold Plasma is a safe and non-invasive treatment option for various skin conditions. It does not require incisions, minimizing the risk of scarring, bleeding, or tissue damage.
  • Efficient Extraction of Foreign Bodies: Mirari Cold Plasma facilitates the removal of foreign bodies from the skin by degrading and dissociating organic matter, allowing easier access and extraction.
  • Pain Reduction and Comfort: Mirari Cold Plasma has a local analgesic effect, providing pain relief during the treatment, making it more comfortable for the patient.
  • Reduced Risk of Infection: Mirari Cold Plasma has antimicrobial properties, effectively killing bacteria and reducing the risk of infection.
  • Accelerated Healing and Minimal Scarring: Mirari Cold Plasma stimulates wound healing and tissue regeneration, reducing healing time and minimizing the formation of scars.

Mirari Cold Plasma Prescription

MildModerateSevere
Mode setting: 1 (Infection)
Location: 0 (Localized)
Morning: 15 minutes,
Evening: 15 minutes
Mode setting: 1 (Infection)
Location: 0 (Localized)
Morning: 30 minutes,
Lunch: 30 minutes,
Evening: 30 minutes
Mode setting: 1 (Infection)
Location: 0 (Localized)
Morning: 30 minutes,
Lunch: 30 minutes,
Evening: 30 minutes
Mode setting: 2 (Wound Healing)
Location: 0 (Localized)
Morning: 15 minutes,
Evening: 15 minutes
Mode setting: 2 (Wound Healing)
Location: 0 (Localized)
Morning: 30 minutes,
Lunch: 30 minutes,
Evening: 30 minutes
Mode setting: 2 (Wound Healing)
Location: 0 (Localized)
Morning: 30 minutes,
Lunch: 30 minutes,
Evening: 30 minutes
Mode setting: 7 (Immunotherapy)
Location: 1 (Sacrum)
Morning: 15 minutes,
Evening: 15 minutes
Mode setting: 7 (Immunotherapy)
Location: 1 (Sacrum)
Morning: 30 minutes,
Lunch: 30 minutes,
Evening: 30 minutes
Mode setting: 7 (Immunotherapy)
Location: 1 (Sacrum)
Morning: 30 minutes,
Lunch: 30 minutes,
Evening: 30 minutes
Total
Morning: 45 minutes approx. $7.50 USD,
Evening: 45 minutes approx. $7.50 USD
Total
Morning: 90 minutes approx. $15 USD,
Lunch: 90 minutes approx. $15 USD,
Evening: 90 minutes approx. $15 USD,
Total
Morning: 90 minutes approx. $15 USD,
Lunch: 90 minutes approx. $15 USD,
Evening: 90 minutes approx. $15 USD,
Usual treatment for 7-60 days approx. $105 USD  $900 USDUsual treatment for 6-8 weeks approx. $1,890 USD – $2,520 USD
Usual treatment for 3-6 months approx. $4,050 USD – $8,100 USD
Location note miraridoctor 1
  • Localized (0)
  • Sacrum (1)
  • Prostate & Uterus (2)
  • Kidney, Liver & Spleen (3)
  • Heart, Bile & Pancreas (4)
  • Lungs (5)
  • Throat, Lymphatic & Thyroid (6)
  • Neuro system & ENT (7)

Use the Mirari Cold Plasma device to treat Fear of skin disease other effectively.

WARNING: MIRARI COLD PLASMA IS DESIGNED FOR THE HUMAN BODY WITHOUT ANY ARTIFICIAL OR THIRD PARTY PRODUCTS. USE OF OTHER PRODUCTS IN COMBINATION WITH MIRARI COLD PLASMA MAY CAUSE UNPREDICTABLE EFFECTS, HARM OR INJURY. PLEASE CONSULT A MEDICAL PROFESSIONAL BEFORE COMBINING ANY OTHER PRODUCTS WITH USE OF MIRARI.

Step 1: Cleanse the Skin

  • Start by cleaning the affected area of the skin with a gentle cleanser or mild soap and water. Gently pat the area dry with a clean towel.

Step 2: Prepare the Mirari Cold Plasma device

  • Ensure that the Mirari Cold Plasma device is fully charged or has fresh batteries as per the manufacturer’s instructions. Make sure the device is clean and in good working condition.
  • Switch on the Mirari device using the power button or by following the specific instructions provided with the device.
  • Some Mirari devices may have adjustable settings for intensity or treatment duration. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to select the appropriate settings based on your needs and the recommended guidelines.

Step 3: Apply the Device

  • Place the Mirari device in direct contact with the affected area of the skin. Gently glide or hold the device over the skin surface, ensuring even coverage of the area experiencing.
  • Slowly move the Mirari device in a circular motion or follow a specific pattern as indicated in the user manual. This helps ensure thorough treatment coverage.

Step 4: Monitor and Assess:

  • Keep track of your progress and evaluate the effectiveness of the Mirari device in managing your Fear of skin disease other. If you have any concerns or notice any adverse reactions, consult with your health care professional.

Note

This guide is for informational purposes only and should not replace the advice of a medical professional. Always consult with your healthcare provider or a qualified medical professional for personal advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Do not solely rely on the information presented here for decisions about your health. Use of this information is at your own risk. The authors of this guide, nor any associated entities or platforms, are not responsible for any potential adverse effects or outcomes based on the content.

Mirari Cold Plasma System Disclaimer

  • Purpose: The Mirari Cold Plasma System is a Class 2 medical device designed for use by trained healthcare professionals. It is registered for use in Thailand and Vietnam. It is not intended for use outside of these locations.
  • Informational Use: The content and information provided with the device are for educational and informational purposes only. They are not a substitute for professional medical advice or care.
  • Variable Outcomes: While the device is approved for specific uses, individual outcomes can differ. We do not assert or guarantee specific medical outcomes.
  • Consultation: Prior to utilizing the device or making decisions based on its content, it is essential to consult with a Certified Mirari Tele-Therapist and your medical healthcare provider regarding specific protocols.
  • Liability: By using this device, users are acknowledging and accepting all potential risks. Neither the manufacturer nor the distributor will be held accountable for any adverse reactions, injuries, or damages stemming from its use.
  • Geographical Availability: This device has received approval for designated purposes by the Thai and Vietnam FDA. As of now, outside of Thailand and Vietnam, the Mirari Cold Plasma System is not available for purchase or use.
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