K85 Elevated blood pressure (ICD-10:R03.0)

January 21, 2024

Back
Featured image for โ€œK85 Elevated blood pressure (ICD-10:R03.0)โ€

Introduction

Elevated blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a common medical condition characterized by high blood pressure in the arteries. It is a significant health concern as it can lead to serious complications such as heart disease, stroke, and kidney problems. The aim of this guide is to provide a comprehensive overview of the diagnosis and management of elevated blood pressure.

Codes

– ICPC-2 Code: K85 Elevated blood pressure
– ICD-10 Code: R03.0 Elevated blood-pressure reading, without diagnosis of hypertension

Symptoms

  • Headaches: Patients may experience frequent headaches, especially in the morning.
  • Fatigue: Persistent tiredness and lack of energy.
  • Shortness of breath: Difficulty breathing or feeling breathless during physical activity.
  • Chest pain: Discomfort or pressure in the chest.
  • Dizziness: Feeling lightheaded or faint.
  • Vision problems: Blurred vision or difficulty focusing.

Causes

  • Primary hypertension: The exact cause is unknown, but it is often related to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
  • Secondary hypertension: Caused by an underlying medical condition such as kidney disease, hormonal disorders, or certain medications.

Diagnostic Steps

Medical History

  • Gather information about the patient’s lifestyle, including diet, exercise habits, and alcohol or tobacco use.
  • Identify any family history of hypertension or related conditions.
  • Ask about any symptoms the patient is experiencing and their duration.

Physical Examination

  • Measure the patient’s blood pressure using a sphygmomanometer.
  • Check for signs of target organ damage, such as heart murmurs, abnormal heart sounds, or enlarged kidneys.

Laboratory Tests

  • Complete blood count (CBC): To assess for anemia or other blood disorders.
  • Urinalysis: To check for protein or blood in the urine, which may indicate kidney damage.
  • Fasting blood glucose: To screen for diabetes, which is a risk factor for hypertension.
  • Lipid profile: To evaluate cholesterol levels and assess the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Diagnostic Imaging

  • Echocardiogram: To assess the structure and function of the heart.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG): To evaluate the electrical activity of the heart and detect any abnormalities.
  • Chest X-ray: To check for signs of heart or lung disease.
  • Renal ultrasound: To evaluate the size and structure of the kidneys.

Other Tests

  • Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring: A portable device is used to measure blood pressure at regular intervals over a 24-hour period.
  • Exercise stress test: To assess the heart’s response to physical activity and detect any abnormalities.
  • Genetic testing: In some cases, genetic testing may be recommended to identify specific gene mutations associated with hypertension.

Follow-up and Patient Education

  • Schedule regular follow-up appointments to monitor blood pressure and adjust treatment if necessary.
  • Educate the patient about the importance of lifestyle modifications, medication adherence, and regular blood pressure monitoring.
  • Provide resources and support for managing stress and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

Possible Interventions

Traditional Interventions

Medications:

Top 5 drugs for Elevated blood pressure:

  1. Diuretics (e.g., Hydrochlorothiazide, Furosemide):
    • Cost: Generic versions can be $3-$30/month.
    • Contraindications: Allergy to sulfa drugs, severe kidney disease.
    • Side effects: Frequent urination, electrolyte imbalances.
    • Severe side effects: Low blood pressure, kidney damage.
    • Drug interactions: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), lithium.
    • Warning: Regular monitoring of kidney function and electrolytes is required.
  2. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors (e.g., Lisinopril, Enalapril):
    • Cost: Generics can be $10-$50/month.
    • Contraindications: History of angioedema with ACE inhibitors, pregnancy.
    • Side effects: Dry cough, dizziness.
    • Severe side effects: Angioedema, kidney failure.
    • Drug interactions: Potassium supplements, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
    • Warning: Monitoring of kidney function and potassium is required.
  3. Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) (e.g., Losartan, Valsartan):
    • Cost: Generics can be $10-$50/month.
    • Contraindications: Pregnancy, severe kidney disease.
    • Side effects: Dizziness, fatigue.
    • Severe side effects: Kidney failure, low blood pressure.
    • Drug interactions: Potassium supplements, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
    • Warning: Monitoring of kidney function and potassium is required.
  4. Calcium channel blockers (e.g., Amlodipine, Nifedipine):
    • Cost: Generics can be $10-$30/month.
    • Contraindications: Severe heart failure, low blood pressure.
    • Side effects: Swelling of the ankles, constipation.
    • Severe side effects: Irregular heart rhythm, heart attack.
    • Drug interactions: Grapefruit juice, beta-blockers.
    • Warning: Regular monitoring of blood pressure and heart rate is required.
  5. Beta-blockers (e.g., Metoprolol, Atenolol):
    • Cost: Generics can be $10-$30/month.
    • Contraindications: Severe bradycardia, heart block.
    • Side effects: Fatigue, cold hands and feet.
    • Severe side effects: Worsening of heart failure, bronchospasm.
    • Drug interactions: Calcium channel blockers, insulin.
    • Warning: Should not be abruptly stopped.

Alternative Drugs:

  • Alpha-blockers (e.g., Doxazosin): Can help relax blood vessels and lower blood pressure.
  • Direct renin inhibitors (e.g., Aliskiren): Inhibits the enzyme renin, reducing the production of angiotensin II.
  • Central alpha-2 agonists (e.g., Clonidine): Stimulates alpha receptors in the brain, reducing sympathetic outflow and lowering blood pressure.
  • Vasodilators (e.g., Hydralazine): Dilates blood vessels, reducing resistance and lowering blood pressure.
  • Combination medications: Some patients may require a combination of different classes of medications to achieve blood pressure control.

Surgical Procedures:

  • Renal denervation: A minimally invasive procedure that disrupts the nerves in the kidneys, reducing blood pressure. Cost: $10,000 to $20,000.
  • Bariatric surgery: Weight loss surgery can help improve blood pressure in obese patients. Cost: $20,000 to $35,000.
  • Carotid endarterectomy: Surgical removal of plaque from the carotid arteries to improve blood flow and reduce the risk of stroke. Cost: $15,000 to $30,000.

Alternative Interventions

  • Acupuncture: May help reduce blood pressure and promote relaxation. Cost: $60-$120 per session.
  • Yoga and meditation: Can help reduce stress and improve overall well-being. Cost: Varies depending on the location and instructor.
  • Dietary supplements: Certain supplements, such as garlic extract and omega-3 fatty acids, may have modest blood pressure-lowering effects. Cost: Varies depending on the specific supplement.
  • Biofeedback: A technique that helps individuals learn to control their body’s response to stress. Cost: $50-$100 per session.
  • Transcendental meditation: A specific form of meditation that has been shown to lower blood pressure. Cost: Varies depending on the instructor.

Lifestyle Interventions

  • Dietary modifications: Encourage a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products. Limit sodium intake to less than 2,300 mg per day.
  • Regular exercise: Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity activity per week.
  • Weight loss: Achieve and maintain a healthy body weight through a combination of diet and exercise.
  • Limit alcohol consumption: Men should limit alcohol to two drinks per day, while women should limit it to one drink per day.
  • Smoking cessation: Encourage patients to quit smoking, as it can significantly improve blood pressure control.

It is important to note that the cost ranges provided are approximate and may vary depending on the location and availability of the interventions.

Mirari Cold Plasma Alternative Intervention

Understanding Mirari Cold Plasma

  • Safe and Non-Invasive Treatment: Mirari Cold Plasma is a safe and non-invasive treatment option for various skin conditions. It does not require incisions, minimizing the risk of scarring, bleeding, or tissue damage.
  • Efficient Extraction of Foreign Bodies: Mirari Cold Plasma facilitates the removal of foreign bodies from the skin by degrading and dissociating organic matter, allowing easier access and extraction.
  • Pain Reduction and Comfort: Mirari Cold Plasma has a local analgesic effect, providing pain relief during the treatment, making it more comfortable for the patient.
  • Reduced Risk of Infection: Mirari Cold Plasma has antimicrobial properties, effectively killing bacteria and reducing the risk of infection.
  • Accelerated Healing and Minimal Scarring: Mirari Cold Plasma stimulates wound healing and tissue regeneration, reducing healing time and minimizing the formation of scars.

Mirari Cold Plasma Prescription

Video instructions for using Mirari Cold Plasma Device – K85 Elevated blood pressure (ICD-10:R03.0)

MildModerateSevere
Mode setting: 1 (Infection)
Location: 5 (Lungs)
Morning: 15 minutes,
Evening: 15 minutes
Mode setting: 1 (Infection)
Location: 5 (Lungs)
Morning: 30 minutes,
Lunch: 30 minutes,
Evening: 30 minutes
Mode setting: 1 (Infection)
Location: 5 (Lungs)
Morning: 30 minutes,
Lunch: 30 minutes,
Evening: 30 minutes
Mode setting: 2 (Wound Healing)
Location: 5 (Lungs)
Morning: 15 minutes,
Evening: 15 minutes
Mode setting: 2 (Wound Healing)
Location: 5 (Lungs)
Morning: 30 minutes,
Lunch: 30 minutes,
Evening: 30 minutes
Mode setting: 2 (Wound Healing)
Location:ย 5 (Lungs)
Morning: 30 minutes,
Lunch: 30 minutes,
Evening: 30 minutes
Mode setting: 7 (Immunotherapy)
Location: 1 (Sacrum)
Morning: 15 minutes,
Evening: 15 minutes
Mode setting: 7 (Immunotherapy)
Location: 1 (Sacrum)
Morning: 30 minutes,
Lunch: 30 minutes,
Evening: 30 minutes
Mode setting: 7 (Immunotherapy)
Location: 1 (Sacrum)
Morning: 30 minutes,
Lunch: 30 minutes,
Evening: 30 minutes
Mode setting:ย 7 (Immunotherapy)
Location:ย 4 (Heart, Bile & Pancreas)
Morning: 15 minutes,
Evening: 15 minutes
Mode setting:ย 7 (Immunotherapy)
Location:ย 4 (Heart, Bile & Pancreas)
Morning: 30 minutes,
Lunch: 30 minutes,
Evening: 30 minutes
Mode setting:7 (Immunotherapy)
Location:ย 4 (Heart, Bile & Pancreas)
Morning: 30 minutes,
Lunch: 30 minutes,
Evening: 30 minutes
Total
Morning:ย 60ย minutesย approx.ย $10ย USD,
Evening:ย 60ย minutesย approx.ย $10ย USD
Total
Morning:ย 120ย minutesย approx.ย $20ย USD,
Lunch:ย 120ย minutesย approx. $20 USD,
Evening:ย 120ย minutesย approx. $20 USD,
Total
Morning:ย 120ย minutesย approx.ย $20ย USD,
Lunch:ย 120ย minutesย approx. $20 USD,
Evening:ย 120ย minutesย approx. $20 USD,
Usualย treatmentย forย 7-60ย daysย approx.ย $140ย USDย โ€“ย $1200ย USDUsualย treatmentย forย 6-8ย weeksย approx.ย $2,520ย USDย โ€“ย $3,360ย USD
Usualย treatmentย forย 3-6ย monthsย approx.ย $5,400ย USDย โ€“ย $10,800ย USD
Location note miraridoctor 1
  • Localized (0)
  • Sacrum (1)
  • Prostate & Uterus (2)
  • Kidney, Liver & Spleen (3)
  • Heart, Bile & Pancreas (4)
  • Lungs (5)
  • Throat, Lymphatic & Thyroid (6)
  • Neuro system & ENT (7)

Use the Mirari Cold Plasma device to treat Elevated blood pressure effectively.

WARNING: MIRARI COLD PLASMA IS DESIGNED FOR THE HUMAN BODY WITHOUT ANY ARTIFICIAL OR THIRD PARTY PRODUCTS. USE OF OTHER PRODUCTS IN COMBINATION WITH MIRARI COLD PLASMA MAY CAUSE UNPREDICTABLE EFFECTS, HARM OR INJURY. PLEASE CONSULT A MEDICAL PROFESSIONAL BEFORE COMBINING ANY OTHER PRODUCTS WITH USE OF MIRARI.

Step 1: Cleanse the Skin

  • Start by cleaning the affected area of the skin with a gentle cleanser or mild soap and water. Gently pat the area dry with a clean towel.

Step 2: Prepare the Mirari Cold Plasma device

  • Ensure that the Mirari Cold Plasma device is fully charged or has fresh batteries as per the manufacturer’s instructions. Make sure the device is clean and in good working condition.
  • Switch on the Mirari device using the power button or by following the specific instructions provided with the device.
  • Some Mirari devices may have adjustable settings for intensity or treatment duration. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to select the appropriate settings based on your needs and the recommended guidelines.

Step 3: Apply the Device

  • Place the Mirari device in direct contact with the affected area of the skin. Gently glide or hold the device over the skin surface, ensuring even coverage of the area experiencing.
  • Slowly move the Mirari device in a circular motion or follow a specific pattern as indicated in the user manual. This helps ensure thorough treatment coverage.

Step 4: Monitor and Assess:

  • Keep track of your progress and evaluate the effectiveness of the Mirari device in managing your Elevated blood pressure. If you have any concerns or notice any adverse reactions, consult with your health care professional.

Note

This guide is for informational purposes only and should not replace the advice of a medical professional. Always consult with your healthcare provider or a qualified medical professional for personal advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Do not solely rely on the information presented here for decisions about your health. Use of this information is at your own risk. The authors of this guide, nor any associated entities or platforms, are not responsible for any potential adverse effects or outcomes based on the content.

Mirari Cold Plasma System Disclaimer

  • Purpose: The Mirari Cold Plasma System is a Class 2 medical device designed for use by trained healthcare professionals. It is registered for use in Thailand and Vietnam. It is not intended for use outside of these locations.
  • Informational Use: The content and information provided with the device are for educational and informational purposes only. They are not a substitute for professional medical advice or care.
  • Variable Outcomes: While the device is approved for specific uses, individual outcomes can differ. We do not assert or guarantee specific medical outcomes.
  • Consultation: Prior to utilizing the device or making decisions based on its content, it is essential to consult with a Certified Mirari Tele-Therapist and your medical healthcare provider regarding specific protocols.
  • Liability: By using this device, users are acknowledging and accepting all potential risks. Neither the manufacturer nor the distributor will be held accountable for any adverse reactions, injuries, or damages stemming from its use.
  • Geographical Availability: This device has received approval for designated purposes by the Thai and Vietnam FDA. As of now, outside of Thailand and Vietnam, the Mirari Cold Plasma System is not available for purchase or use.
Rate this post

Related articles



Image
Image

MIRARIยฎ
Cold Plasma System

The world's first handheld cold plasma device

Learn More


Made in USA

Image